The Vanguard Balanced ETF (VBAL) is the ultimate realization of what the first ETFs promised investors when they were invested thirty years ago: The easiest, cheapest way to instantly diversify your entire investment portfolio.

VBAL is an excellent all-in-one ETF solution for Canadian investors looking to balance out stocks and bonds – all in one product.

In this VBAL review, we’ll be covering everything you need to know about the VBAL ETF, including costs and fees, performance, and alternatives to consider.

VBAL ETF Key Facts:

  • MER: 0.24%
  • Account Eligibility: RRSP, TFSA, RRIF, RESP, Non-Registered
  • Assets Under Management: $1.9 Billion 
  • Date Created: January 25, 2018
  • Shares Outstanding: 78,270,000
  • Price/Earnings Ratio: 16.7x
  • Price/Book Ratio: 1.9x
  • Dividend Yield:  2.51%

VBAL ETF Asset Allocation

The VBAL ETF is made up of 7 underlying Vanguard funds, with a conservative 60/40 stock-to-bond split.

This is a fairly conservative portfolio, so if you have a lower risk tolerance, this could be appealing to you. 

The fund contains assets from markets worldwide across many sectors, giving investors a good range of market exposure.

Vanguard VBAL Fund Allocation

As of September 16, 2022 the VBAL ETF has the following underlying allocations of Vanguard Funds:

U.S. Total Market Index ETF26.67%
Canadian Aggregate Bond Index ETF23.56%
FTSE Canada All Cap Index ETF17.76%
FTSE Developed All Cap ex North America Index ETF11.38%
Global ex-U.S. Aggregate Bond Index ETF (CAD-hedged)8.52%
U.S. Aggregate Bond Index ETF (CAD-hedged)7.80%
FTSE Emerging Markets All Cap Index ETF4.30%

VBAL ETF Market Allocation

While the VBAL ETF consists mostly of North American stocks and bonds, there is still geographic diversification, which is always something to aim for.

As of September 16, 2022 the VBAL ETF has the following fund allocations by country and region:

Country RegionFund
United States of AmericaNorth America44.3%
CanadaNorth America29.7%
United KingdomEurope2.9%
ChinaEmerging Markets2.4%
TaiwanEmerging Markets1.2%

There is a good range of more mature markets, as well as room for potential growth in emerging markets. If you are more interested in the latter, read our best emerging markets ETFs guide.

VBAL Allocation by Sector

Just as smart investors know to look for geographic diversification, they know the best portfolio ETFSs also provide diversification across sectors. VBALs funds span a wide range of industries.

Financials 19.1%
Consumer Discretionary11.9%
Energy 8.7%
Basic Materials5.9%
Consumer Staples5.3%
Real Estate3.4%

VBAL ETF Top 10 Company Holdings

One of the best things about ETFs is that you hold shares of the world’s top performing companies without having to pay the price of a full share of the companies. Apple Inc stock for example, one of the ETFs main holdings, currently goes for around $155 per share. VBAL on the other hand, is trading at a much lower $26.79.

Let’s have a look at the top 10 company holdings of VBAL.

Holding Name% of Market Value
Apple Inc.1.45051%
Microsoft Corp.1.21884%
Royal Bank of Canada1.03240%
Toronto-Dominion Bank0.88205%
Enbridge Inc.0.67874% Inc.0.67749%
Bank of Nova Scotia0.54796%
Canadian National Railway Ltd.0.45680%
Brookfield Asset Management Inc. Class A0.49323%
Bank of Montreal0.48278%

VBAL Top 5 Bond Holdings

Luckily for Canadians, the top fixed income securities in VBAL are are in CAD, which is good news tax-wise.

Here are the top 5 VBAL ETF bond holdings.

Holding Name% of Market Value
Canadian Government Bond0.33459%
Canadian Government Bond0.33174%
Canadian Government Bond0.29612%
Canadian Government Bond0.29306%
Canadian Government Bond0.24947%


When it comes to fees, ETFs have always been a good way to cut down on your fees, perhaps even more so with all-in-one ETFs. 

But how do VBAL fees compare to other portfolio ETFSs out there? How about when compared to other low-cost options like choosing a robo advisor?

Find out how VBAL compares to other popular ETFs and robo advisors by checking out the fee table below.

ETF or Robo Advisor Asset AllocationMERFees
Vanguard VBAL ETF60/40 stock to bond0.24%Account and trading fees will depend on the brokerage you use.
iShares XBAL60/40 stock to bond0.20%Account and trading fees will depend on the brokerage you use.
BMO ZBAL60/40 stock to bond0.20%$0 to trade with your BMO brokerage account, $0 annual account fee
Wealthsimple Robo AdvisorWhile it does not offer a portfolio ETFs in the same sense as the abovementioned funds, customers can choose a 60/40 asset allocation when they create the account.0.15%-0.25% Annually and 0.25%-0.4% for SRI portfoliosTiered fees:0.5% for Basic accounts and 0.4% for Black and Generation
RBC InvestEase0.11%-0.13% for standard portfolio ETFs and 0.18%-0.23% for SRI portfolios 0.5% Annual management fee, based on your investment balance 
BMO SmartFolio0.20% to 0.35%There is a $1,000 minimum account balance and an annual fee of 0.4% to 0.7%.

As you can see, all-one-ETFs like VBAL are substantially cheaper than robo advisors – and cost investors roughly 10% as much as the traditional Canadian mutual fund model. 

VBAL Currency Exposure

VBAL doesn’t do anything fancy for foreign currency exposure. You’re going to buy this ETF on the Toronto Stock Exchange, and it will be priced in Canadian Dollars. When you sell it, you’ll get Canadian Dollars back into your account.

There are some inherent foreign currency conversions that will occur in VBAL in order to determine CAD-priced profits – but that’s all done automatically before you see it in your brokerage account

VBAL ETF Performance

Gauging performance on these newer portfolio ETFs is a bit tricky because: 

1) They have only been around for a few years 

2) They launched shortly before the economy went into a pandemic induced tailspin.

That being said, the initial gains VBAL made are promising. Since inception its annual average return is at 18.19% as of writing. With VBAL, you’re also getting quarterly distribution payments, which are currently yielding 2.51%.

If you were to have invested $10,000 when VBAL first launched in 2018, you would still be in good shape, earning a return of over $1,932.

Of course, when discussing returns in an index investing all-in-one ETF the main thing to keep in mind is that performance will always be equal to the average of the underlying index. There is no “active trading” going on, and investors should be looking for more of a “set it and forget it for the long term” approach.

vbal etf performance graph

Want to know how VBAL compares to Vanguard’s more stock heavy VEQT and VGRO all-in-one portfolios? Have a look at our VEQT ETF Review and our VGRO ETF Review.

VBAL vs. Robo Advisors

Robo advisors and all-in-one ETFs are similar in that they offer a wide range of funds in one portfolio with your desired asset allocation – along with generally low fees and automatic rebalancing. 

As we shared in our fee table above, when it comes to saving money, choosing the VBAL ETF will be more cost effective than a robo advisor service.

However, with most robo advisor services, you will have access to a financial advisor who can answer questions and help to guide you in choosing an investment strategy.

While the advisors will be able to help you answer most basic questions, they won’t be able to help with more advanced topics like corporate taxes and income trusts. For most investors, this won’t be an issue.

So, should you choose VBAL ETF over a robo advisor? 

It all comes down to how much control you want over choosing your investments and whether or not having someone to turn to if you have questions is important to you. The idea is that with VBAL and other all-in-one ETFs you won’t need to worry about those aspects as it’s all done for you, and at a lower cost.

You can see a more detailed comparison of products like VBAL vs robo options, when you check out our best all-in-one ETFs in Canada article.

VBAL vs. Other Popular ETF Options


VBAL has been designed as a balanced portfolio with a conservative 60/40 stock to bond split. This makes it a good choice for investors who may have a shorter investment timeline. It also makes sense for those with a lower risk tolerance, as the split can hedge against market volatility.

VGRO on the other hand, is Vanguard’s growth portfolio ETF, which has an 80/20 stock to bond split. This means that there could be more potential for higher returns, but equal potential for loss during market volatility. If you have a longer time horizon and a higher risk tolerance, VGRO could be a better choice.

VBAL has a 0.22% management fee and a total Management Expense Ratio (MER) of 0.24%. This is similar to the fees you pay for VGRO and VEQT as well.

Learn all about VGRO in our full VGRO ETF Review.


VCNS is Vanguard’s Conservative ETF Portfolio. It has a 60/40 bond to stock asset allocation. In terms of underlying funds, it’s identical to VBAL, however the allocation for each fund is weighted more heavily on the fixed income security funds. VCNS’s MER is a bit lower than VBAL’s at 0.22%.

If you tend to value low risk investments, and like the idea of getting regular dividend payouts, VCNS could be a better choice for you.


If you are excited by the idea of going all in on stocks in the form of an ETF, then Vanguard’s All Equity VEQT ETF could be the right choice for you. VEQT’s market allocation mirrors that of VBAL, and the MER is also the same at 0.24%. To date, VEQT has outperformed VBAL by more than 15%. 

Find out more about VEQT in our full VEQT ETF Review.

How to Buy VBAL ETF in Canada

For Canadians, you will need an online brokerage account to purchase VBAL, as you won’t be able to create a Vanguard Brokerage Account directly. Not to to worry, there are plenty of great online discount brokerages for the self directed investor in Canada.

As of writing, VBAL  is selling at $27.12 per share. That’s a pretty good deal considering it gives you exposure to over 13,000 stocks and 17,000 bonds in a single share.

If you don’t already have a brokerage account, there has never been a better time than now to open one! Our top recommended brokerages, Qtrade and Questrade, make it easy to buy and sell VBAL and other all-in-one ETFs.

1. Buy VBAL on Qtrade

With Qtrade you can quickly and easily open a brokerage account. Once you fund the account, you will be able to search for the ticker symbol, select the number of VBAL shares you would like to purchase, choose the order type, and you’re good to go. 

Qtrade is safe, reliable, and offers excellent customer service. It will cost you $8.75 per purchase of VBAL shares, however, over 100 other ETFs can be purchased for free.

Head over to our full Qtrade Review to find out more about why we’ve named them Canada’s Best Broker.

2. Buy VBAL on Questrade

Another one of our top rated online brokerages, Questrade, allows you to buy ETFs like VBAL for $0, but you will pay anywhere from $4.95-$9.95 to sell them.

The process will be the same as outlined above for Qtrade. Simply open and fund your Questrade account, search for the VBAL ticker symbol, enter the number of shares and select your order type. Once confirmed, your new VBAL shares will be on the way.

Find out more about what Questrade can offer beyond VBAL in our Questrade Review.

VBAL ETF Review: Is It Right For You?

If you are an investor who is a bit more on the conservative side, has a longer time horizon, and is looking to maximize market exposure and diversification in a simple and effective way, VBAL could be right for you.

VBAL is an inexpensive way to help you meet your investment goals, and comes from a financial institution with a long track record in the ETF arena, so you know you are in good hands. Even the ETF Guru, Dan Bortolotti, is a big fan of portfolio ETFs like VBAL.

The other benefit is that you won’t need to rebalance your portfolio once a year or more to keep a healthy asset allocation for your goals. It will automatically be done for you. So, if passive investing is your thing, this is going to really appeal to you.

If you want more information on our recommendations for the Best All-in-One ETFs in Canada,  we get into all the details in our full article, or you can also read our list of the best ETFs in Canada for an even wider view.

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