CI Direct Investing Review 2023 (Formerly WealthBar)
CI Direct Investing Review Summary and Promo Offer Code
- Expat Investment Options
- Customer Service
- Commitment to Excellent Financial Advice
- Investment Strategy: ETF Portfolios
- Investment Strategy: Private Portfolios
CI Direct Investing Review Summary:
CI Direct Investing, formerly known as Wealthbar, offers a range of managed ETF portfolios. In Canada, CI Direct Investing is the only robo advisor available to Canadian non-resident expat investors. If you are a Canadian investor living abroad, this is good news for you.
CI Direct Investing is a subsidiary of CI Financial Group, one of Canada’s largest investment companies. This gives it a bit more weight than some of the newbies on the block, like Wealthsimple and Justwealth. In this CI Direct Investing review you will find out why it’s considered one of Best Canadian Robo Advisors. Read on to find out about CI Direct Investing’s fees, portfolios on offer, safety and more.
- Best option for Canadian expats
- Automatic rebalancing
- Excellent service and financial advice
- Safe and trustworthy with no hidden fees
- Fees are higher than some other robo advisors
- Very high MER for the private portfolio
Try CI Direct Investing If You Are an ExpatVisit CI Direct Investing
What is CI Direct Investing and Is It a Robo Advisor?
CI Direct Investing is a combination of an automated investing platform and a personal financial advisor.
When it comes to taking a piece of your monthly pay cheque and turning it into a diversified investment portfolio – CI Direct Investing does that for you. That part of the business would be considered a “robo advisor model”.
What sets CI Direct Investing apart though, is the fact that right from Day 1, you will have access to excellent financial advice at your fingertips. This financial advisor will usually hold the credential of a Certified Financial Planner® professional. That’s an important distinction, because it carries legal responsibilities far beyond that of a “financial planner”.
As the precursor to CI Direct Investing, WealthBar took great pains to emphasize the utilization of sound financial advice relative to other FinTech companies (which were often lumped together under the generic title of “robo advisor”).
What Accounts Does CI Direct Investing Offer?
When you register with CI Direct Investing (you can get started in as little as ten minutes) you can open the following accounts:
- Basic non-registered accounts
- Joint Account
- Spousal RRSP
- RESP (including Quebec residents)
- Corporate Investment Account
- Trust Accounts
- Charitable Organization Investment Accounts
- Group TFSAs and RRSPs (for your employees if you own a company)
- Individual Pension Plans
- Personal Pension Plans
CI Direct Investing Review: Fees
Your portfolio is going to have two levels of fees when you invest through CI Direct Investing.
- The fees that your underlying ETFs will charge you.
- The fees that CI Direct Investing will take for helping you out on your investing journey.
The underlying ETF fees are going to cost between .17% and .19% for the ETF portfolios.
The ETF fees that we refer to are known as a Management Expense Ratio (MER) and are commonly shown as a percentage of your overall assets. Because MERs are an inherent part of the ETFs themselves, clients will not see this money deducted from their CI Direct Investing account.
CI Direct Investing’s fees are charged under the following annual structure:
.60% on your first $150,000 invested
.40% on $150,000-$500,000
.35% on anything over $500,000
So, if you had $100,000 invested, you’d owe CI Direct Investing about $600 for the year, and the internal costs of your ETFs would be around $180-$260 which would be reflected in your portfolio’s performance.
If you had $750,000 invested with CI Direct Investing, you’d owe:
$150,000 x .6 = $900
$350,000 x .4 = $1,400
$250,000 x .35 = $875
Total CI Fees = $3,175
ETF Fees = $1,350-$1,950
That’s it – pretty transparent and easy to calculate!
CI Direct Investing for Canadian Non-Resident Expats
As of 2020 there is only one robo advisor option available for Canadian citizens who are also non-residents for tax purposes (aka: expats). Given my recent expat journey to Qatar, this was obviously very pertinent to me!
When doing my research, I did come across a couple of robo advisor-style platforms based out of Switzerland and Singapore – but they were prohibitively expensive and quite complicated to use. In my opinion, CI Direct Investing is by far the best option for Canadian expats.
I am very impressed with what CI Direct Investing has put together for their expat clients. If you want the easiest way to get into index investing as a Canadian expat – this is far and away the best solution! You’re going to pay a bit more than you would if you were index investing using a Canadian discount brokerage, but depending on how big your portfolio is, it’s quite possible that you’ll pay less in overall fees than you would with an international discount brokerage – plus you get a ton of additional services in return for your money.
The one caveat here is that CI Direct Investing is not available in the USA or certain other countries such as North Korea, Iran, etc.
Here were the answers to my expat questions when I emailed CI Direct Investing.
What do Canadian Expats need in order to open up a robo advisor account with CI Direct Investing?
- $25,000 account minimum
- Your downloaded account statement for a Canadian bank account
- An electronic document issued by a Canadian government agency, or a cell phone company, or a utility company.
- Canadian SIN
- Any foreign tax ID numbers that have been assigned to you
- A signature (either electronic or old school)
Do I have to be in Canada at any point or have a Canadian address in order to open a non-resident account with CI Direct Investing?
What accounts can I open as a Canadian non-resident?
You should stick to a plain, vanilla non-registered account as a non-resident. However, you could also transfer over any existing RRSP and/or TFSA accounts you have in order to keep life simple and have all your investments under one roof.
What taxes will I have to pay with CI Direct Investing?
The same taxes you’d have to pay anywhere else as a Canadian non-resident. Namely, the withholding tax on Canada-sourced income. What you owe in your new country obviously depends on local laws.
How does having a CI Direct Investing account affect my non-resident status – and is it a strong resident tie?
Neither a non-resident CI Direct Investing account, nor a non-resident discount brokerage account is going to be a secondary residential tie to Canada. It will not be enough – by itself – for the CRA to consider you a factual resident. If you also own a car in Canada that you use when you come for the holidays, never cancel your provincial health insurance, and still have a provincial driving license… The combination of all of those things might start to tilt the scales toward being considered a factual resident.
How Does It Work? CI Direct Investing ETF Portfolios
When you first sign up with CI Direct Investing, you’ll be matched to the right investment based on your goals and risk profile. You can connect with an adviser how and when it works for you. Simply connect via email, phone, video or chat.
CI Direct Investing has one main investing path (which is probably what you want) called ETF Portfolios and they also offer a second option called “Private Investment Portfolios”.
Within the broad ETF Portfolios at CI Direct Investing, there are five asset allocation options: Aggressive, Growth, Balanced, Conservative, and Safety.
Each of these all-in-one solutions is made up of the following ETFs – just held in different proportions depending on how much risk you want to take.
- iShares Core Canadian Universe Bond Index ETF (XBB) = Canadian bonds
- CI Canadian Equity Index ETF (CCDN) = Canadian stocks
- Global Aggregate Bond Index ETF (CAD-hedged) (VGAB) = Bonds from around the world, hedged to the Canadian dollar
- CI U.S. 500 Index ETF (CUSA.B) = US stocks
- CI High Interest Savings ETF (CSAV) = Canadian banks high interest savings accounts
- BMO MSCI EAFE Index ETF (ZEA) = Canadian and US stocks
- BMO High Yield US Corporate Bond Index ETF (ZJK) = US bonds from corporations
Then the more conservative portfolios will also use the CI Emerging Markets Alpha ETF (CIEM), which consists of equities from emerging markets.
For example, here’s a look at the balanced ETF Portfolio (as currently constructed at the time of writing).
iShares Core Canadian Universe Bond Index ETF
Global Aggregate Bond Index ETF (CAD-hedged)
CI Canadian Equity Index ETF
CI U.S. 500 Index ET
CI High Interest Savings ETF
BMO MSCI EAFE Index ETF
BMO High Yield US Corporate Bond Index ETF
Like Wealthsimple, CI Direct Investing offers Socially Responsible Investing (SRI) portfolios, which they call Impact Portfolios. Like its other all-in-one portfolios, CI Direct Investing’s Impact Portfolios offer great geographic diversification, and span across various industries.
Here is how their balanced Impact Portfolio breaks down (as currently constructed at the time of writing).
CI MSCI World ESG Impact ETF (CAD Hedged)
NEI Global Impact Bond Fund
First Trust NASDAQ Clean Edge Green Energy Index ETF
Generally speaking, if you have longer term goals, and a higher risk profile, your ETF portfolio will be weighted more heavily towards stocks and less towards bonds.
CI Direct Investing has chosen the ETFs for their portfolios by using the following criteria:
- Tracking error minimization to mirror the index
- Higher trading volume ETFs selected for best pricing
- Priority given to funds with higher Assets Under Management
- All else equal, they choose the ETF with the lower share price
- Country of origin considered to reduce currency exchange charges
- Successful performance history verified
- Lowest MER possible
If you want to change your selected ETF portfolio, you can do that at any time – BUT – keep in mind that you were placed in a portfolio for a reason. Has your risk tolerance really changed, or are you simply chasing recent performance? These are great conversations to have with your CI Direct Investing advisers.
How Does It Work? CI Direct Investing Private Investment Portfolios
To understand the difference between CI Direct Investing’s ETF portfolios and their Private Investment Portfolios, it helps to get a quick refresher on active vs passive investing.
Active Investing Mindset: Whomever I pick to manage my investments is smarter than the average person who invests in assets in the stock/bond/real estate/commodity markets. Because they’re smarter, they can pick investments that are currently worth more than what people are paying, or that will do better in the future than most people think. The ability to pick those better investments will lead to better overall returns on my investment money and/or my portfolio will have much less volatility (i.e. “big ups and downs”). Because the investment professionals will be working really hard to select these better-than-average investments, the people who will manage my investments will need to get paid and will charge me a percentage of my entire portfolio each year.
Passive Investing Mindset: There is no statistical evidence that we can identify which investment people or funds are going to be better-than-average when it comes to picking the best stocks/bonds/real estate/commodity investments. It’s really, really hard to pick investments that beat the average, because a lot of incredibly smart people are trying to do precisely that every day. Because it’s really, really hard to pick investments that beat the average by even a small amount, that extra that I’m paying in fees means that they have to be a super-duper All Star in order for me to pay their extra fees, and still have enough investment returns leftover to beat the average.
I’m likely better off just cutting my fees as low as possible and taking the average of the asset class. I can do that by using the ETF portfolios to own nearly every large company in the world.
Active Investing + Different Asset Classes
CI Direct Investing’s Private Portfolios use actively managed Nicola Wealth Funds to build clients a portfolio of investments that include “unconventional assets” as shown below.
Aggressive Private Portfolio
There are three different Private Portfolio options available. Here’s an example of what your asset allocation would look like if you chose the “Aggressive” option (accurate at the time of publishing).
Private Real Estate
Nicola Core Portfolio Fund
Nicola Global Real Estate Fund
Personally, I remain unconvinced that the Private Portfolios offer any extra utility to the average investor. I understand the theory of trying to diversify into asset classes that are not correlated to stocks/equities, but those high MER fees that go with active management scare me.
The Private Portfolios do have a relatively good track record over their short lifespan, but as with all things investing, “Past results are not indicative of future performance.”
I recommend keeping it simple and staying away from these more complicated options.
Is CI Direct Investing Safe?
CI Direct Investing is as safe as any banking and investment option in Canada!
Of course, one has to remember that when it comes to investing, “safe” means different things to different people. There is no company that can guarantee investment returns. CI will make sure your information stays safe, and that your investments are protected from certain / some fraud or corporate bankruptcy – but your investments can still go down in value. If any company claims that they can guarantee the “safety” of your investment returns – I’d walk away immediately.
CI Direct Investing is the robo advisor arm of a massive company that manages over $280 Billion worth of assets. Companies this large employ the latest in online security and encryption standards. I would hesitate to say that any website or online platform is “hack-proof”, but at the very least, you’re as safe with CI as you would be anywhere online.
Some people ask, “What happens if my robo advisor goes bankrupt?”
No worries on that front. First and foremost, there are all kinds of laws that prevent financial companies from dipping into your investment assets to pay their expenses. So that’s one level of protection.
The second level of protection is actually just the free market! You’re a fee-paying customer, and so if for some crazy reason CI Direct Investing decides that their robo advisor branch of the company isn’t pulling its weight, it’s quite likely the company would be sold to another robo advisor platform, and your assets would stay nice and safe while new management took over.
The final layer of protection is perhaps the one that inspires the most confidence. When you use CI Direct Investing your investments are automatically insured by the Canadian Investor Protection Fund (CIPF) up to $1 Million per account through a 3rd party provider they partner with. This gives your investment portfolio the full protection of the Canadian government, and consequently is about as solid a guarantee as you can find.
CI Direct Investing Mobile App Review
With CI Direct Investing’s app you can access all of your CI Investment Accounts in one place. Its sleek interface is easy to navigate, allowing you to fund your accounts, track your investments, and even open an interest earning savings account as well as access financial advice.
The app has a solid 4.3 star rating on the Google Play store and a 4.6 on the Apple App Store. Users reviews include comments on its excellent functionality, and easy access to real financial advisors. Having access to financial advisors through their app definitely sets CI Direct Investing apart from other mobile platforms.
When Did WealthBar Become CI Direct Investing?
In 2019 CI Financial purchased Wealthbar and merged the company into their large umbrella of Canadian investment companies. They also purchased the discount brokerage company Virtual Brokers.
In August 2020 the Wealthbar brand officially became CI Direct Investing – but the company took great pains to make it crystal clear that while the name had changed, the commitment to excellent customer service and financial advice had not.
Wealthbar was founded back in 2014 by Tea and Chris Nicola. In a Globe and Mail interview, Tea explained, “I felt like finance needed a boost of benevolence to be honest, I wanted to be Robin Hood, in my own way.” With a solid background of working at Nicola Wealth, the duo hit the ground running, quickly building what would become known as the Canadian robo advisor option that most emphasized sound financial planning.
Frequently Asked Questions
Setting Up an Account: A Peek Inside CI Direct Investing
Here’s what your screens will look like when you sign up, in addition to some of the more prominent advertising that CI Direct Investing is currently running.
CI Direct Investing Review: Who Is It Best For?
CI Direct Investing’s hybrid robo advisor service has definite appeal for passive investors, especially if they live abroad. Keeping things simple is always better when it comes to the complexities and extra paperwork that come with being a Canadian non-resident. Sure, you’ll need to have a considerable $25,000 in your account to use their services, but the benefits are definitely worth it in this case.
However, for those Canadians living on Canadian soil, it might not make perfect sense for a few reasons. One being that high minimum account balance, which is a low $0 for Wealthsimple’s robo advisor service, which is #1 in our list of Best Canadian Robo Advisors. Another reason is that with Wealthsimple, you’ll have access to a wider range of financial services.
If you’d like to keep costs at the bare minimum, a robo advisor service might not make sense, and DIY investing could be more suitable. Find out more about how DIY investors can cut costs to the bone with one of the Best Canadian Online Brokers.
Check out our interviews with Wealthbar co-founder and CI Direct Investing CEO Tea Nicola.