Canadian Online Discount Stock Brokerage Comparison 2020

As we enter into a new decade of dividend and index investing I thought it was time for an update to our Canadian online broker article (whose first version dates back as early as 2006).  Use the table of contents below to dig into our criteria and comparisons as we look at the Best Canadian Online Discount Brokerages in 2020.  If you want to trace the unique evolution of Canada's  best discount brokerages over the years, our comment section going back to when Dani California was a hit new song is pretty interesting!

What is an “Online Discount Brokerage” or “Discount Stock Broker”?

Before we dive into this topic, let me take a minute and explain what an online discount brokerage, or a discount stock broker is. An online discount broker is essentially a way for you to trade stocks, bonds, ETFs, and a few other types of more niche investments, online. However, there’s no “middle man” like the old movie idea of “stock broker” when you use an online discount brokerage.  You don’t get a person or company to do the buying or selling for you. You are the one in charge. A discount stock brokerage account operates in the same way as traditional brokers do in that these platforms allow investors such as you and me to buy and sell assets such stocks, bonds, mutual funds, GICs, and ETFs. However, as mentioned above, with an online discount brokerage it is you, the investor, calling the shots. This DIY-type of approach comes with a significantly lower commission cost than what you would pay to a traditional Canadian stockbroker (leaving more money to compound as your investments grow!) making it a very attractive option for those willing to do a very small amount of leg work.

Tl;DR Best Stock Broker for Canada 2020

Questrade: one of the oldest and most reputable brands in Canada offering ultra-low fees and particularly on ETF purchases, as well as all the premium options you'd expect from a great discount broker.

How Does An Online Discount Brokerage Work?

The reason why online discount brokerages fees are so much less than what you would pay if you went to a traditional Canadian stockbroker is because, at the end of the day, they are an online business and it’s you, not them, that is doing the majority of the  work.  A traditional broker will do the planning and research for you, then give you advice during your personal consultation. Online brokers don’t offer those services, it’s all DIY. You need to do the research and planning to build your own portfolio as you see fit.  (Although we’d make a strong argument that with Canada’s all-in-one ETFs and our top Canadian dividend stocks there isn’t much research and planning left for the average investor.) 

The online broker just serves as the platform to execute your requests. This is great in terms of the money that you can save by taking this online approach. However, as I said above, you do need to be confident and sure of what you are doing as there is nobody else to step in and advise you like a traditional stockbroker would.   If you are interested in opening an online brokerage account, it can be done relatively quickly from the comfort of your own home.

Once you open an account with a discount brokerage in Canada (don’t worry, we’ll be sharing more about the best online brokers later in this article), you can transfer your money from your chequing or savings account (or another brokerage account if you are changing firms). The money transfer will take a couple of days, or up to a week depending on your financial institution. Once you have the money in your online brokerage account you can start purchasing investments as you see fit.

The Best Canadian Discount Brokerage for 2020

When it comes to finding the best discount brokerage in Canada, we have a few choices depending on what you are looking for. These are our top picks for online brokerage in Canada in 2020.

#1: Questrade

Our top pick for the best Canadian discount brokerage is Questrade. Here’s a look at why they’re #1. To start with, Questrade has incredibly low costs. In fact, they are one of the lowest-cost brokers in the country. There are no annual fees (no matter the size of your account, though there is an account minimum of $1,000) and no fees charged when you buy ETFs.

So, yes, this means if you created a portfolio entirely of ETFs, you’d pay $0 with Questrade, making them one of the best online brokerages for ETFs in Canada. Other trading fees range from $4.95-$9.95 and, should you choose to transfer your TFSA or RRSP, Questrade will cover the transfer fees. While the low costs are great, they aren’t the only reason why Questrade is our top pick for the best online brokerage in Canada.

Questrade is also one of the oldest and most reputable companies in the business. With more than 30 years behind them, Questrade is also one of the fastest growing companies in Canada as well. Plus, since they are covered by the Canadian Investment Protection Fund, you know your money is in safe hands. Finally, for those of you who need elite information platforms to actively trade assets, Questrade has options for you as well. Of course, Questrade, like every other business, has its downsides. In the case of Questrade, one of the things I don’t like about the company is that they charge fees for inactivity. This means that if you don’t place a trade every quarter or have less than $1,000 in your accounts, you will be charged a quarterly fee of $24.95. Now, given that $1,000 is the account minimum and one trade each quarter is very minimal work (even for those following the couch potato investment strategy), this shouldn’t be a problem. However, if you do fall behind on trade or go under the minimum for a prolonged amount of time, you will be penalized for it.

Our advice is simply to login and buy one unit of your favourite ETF each quarter to avoid this trigger.  If you’re making monthly or quarterly additions to your portfolio like a good DIY investor should be, then you’ll never have to worry about it. It’s worth noting that Questrade has now won several awards from Canada’s newspapers and financial publications.

#2 Qtrade Investor

Qtrade Investor is my second choice when it comes to Canada’s online trading platforms. While they are more expensive than Questrade, Qtrade is known for its incredible customer service. When it comes to fees, there is no annual fee. Qtrade offers mutual funds and select ETFs for free, and there is a flat rate of $8.75 for all other trades. There are no account minimums and Qtrade also covers transfer fees (up to $150). However, if you do go under $25,000 combined between RRSP and TFSA you will be penalized with an annual $100 fee. 

If you are big into trading and will do more than 150 trades per quarter and/ or have over $500,000 in assets, you can take advantage of a lower trading rate of $6.95 with the Investor Plus tier.  As mentioned above, Qtrade has a reputation for fantastic customer service. They are easy to reach by email or phone (they even have a call-back option).

Additionally, the Qtrade website and platform is very clean-cut and easy to use. Plus, they are members of the Canadian Investor Protection Fund as well as the Investment Industry Regulatory Organization of Canada. 

#3 BMO InvestorLine

While online banks are becoming more and more popular with many Canadians, there are still some individuals who prefer the old, trusted names of some of Canada’s biggest financial institutions. If this sounds like you, then I recommend BMO’s discount brokerage options: BMO InvestorLine.

Unfortunately, BMO InvestorLine isn’t the cheapest when it comes to online discount brokerages in Canada. Their trade fees are $9.95 per trade and non-registered accounts with less than $15,000 will face an annual fee of $100 (this fee is waived once your account goes above $15,000).  Registered accounts with BMO InvestorLine are free to open, including an RRSP, TFSA, RESP, RRIF, or LIRA.

That being said, while fees are an important consideration, they aren’t everything.  BMO InvestorLine has a lot of advantages as well. To start with, they have an award winning platform; in 2018 BMO InvestorLine received the highest ranking in self-directed investor satisfaction according to the J.D. Power 2018 Canada Self-Directed Investor Satisfaction Study. It’s also a very user-friendly portal with a reliable customer service team and an impressive collection of 3rd party research. 

#4 WealthSimple Trade

If you are looking for rock bottom rates and fees, then WealthSimple Trade may be worth a look. I’ll admit, as it stands right now, WealthSimple Trade wouldn’t be my first pick for most investors. That being said, they have only been around since March 2019 and I do expect them to grow and improve.  When you look at how quickly Wealthsimple is innovating and evolving, I think they’re a safe bet to eventually grow into an excellent discount brokerage platform. 

At this time, Wealthsimple has absolutely no fees for buying or selling stocks of ETFs. They also have no opening or closing account fees. In fact, the only real fee here is if you request paper statements instead of email statements in which case you’ll be charged a $20 fee. So, how do they make money?

Well, for any US trades they charge a 1.5% base conversion fee. However, even then, that’s a pretty decent deal seeing as most traditional Canadian stockbroker fees for US trades are 2% or higher. Another perk; there is no account minimum.  However, as nice as ‘free’ sounds, right now WealthSimple Trade is pretty basic compared to other online brokerage accounts. They offer limited stocks and ETFs, the platform can only be accessed via the app, and they only have 3 types of accounts: TSFA, RRSP, or a non-registered personal investment account.

In addition to being the only broker to offer commission free trades on both ETFs and stocks, Wealthsimple also has an exclusive promotion for our readers. Sign up today and deposit $100, then make $100 worth of trades to receive a $10 cash bonus.

Who Should Use an Online Trading Platform?

The promise of low investing fees is attractive to everyone, but the concept of doing your own trading can also be quite intimidating. However, it doesn’t have to be. Part of what makes online trading platforms so enticing is that they really can work for everyone due to the fact that they are so customizable. Online trading platforms can work well for both active and passive investing. For those who are unsure of the difference between the two, active investing is a much more hands-on approach.

An active investor will try to pick and choose which stocks or bonds will perform best and trade accordingly. Passive investing, on the other hand, involving having a little piece of every company or bond in a market, rather than relying on a select few. Passive investors usually rely on index investing (the couch potato strategy) when it comes to their investments and is seen as an effective long-haul investment strategy.   For those interested in active investing, you will essentially have to become your own portfolio manager.

This requires knowledge and understanding of the stock market and also involves you needing to do your own research. It will take time and effort; however, if this is the strategy you wish to use and you are confident in your abilities, then using an online trading platform instead of a traditional financial planner can save you a lot of money. That being said, you don’t need to be an active investor to make an online trading platform work for you.

You can also use them for passive and index investing which doesn't require the same amount of expertise or commitment. If you want to copy the same index investing strategy as a robo advisor, you absolutely can; no one will stop you. That being said, using an online trading platform will require slightly more time and effort than a robo would but, again, you are saving yourself money in terms of the fees so it just might be worth your time. 

Check out our Questrade vs Wealthsimple article for a detailed look at whether robo advisors or online brokers would be the best fit for your passive investing strategy. Using an online trading platform does not necessarily mean you need to be trading on a regular basis; 4 times a year is enough if that’s your preferred strategy. However, you do need to be interested and disciplined enough to keep up with your research as nobody else will step in to help you if you take this approach. If you aren’t confident in your abilities, don’t have the time, or would rather have some personal interaction or advice to help you out along the way, then you are probably better to go with a financial planner or even a robo advisor.

However, if you are willing to put in some time and do the research, then an online trading platform could work really well for you, whether you are interested in pursuing active or passive investing. 

Are Online Trading Platforms Safe?

When it comes to managing your finances online, there are always questions about safety. Of course, doing anything online comes with some risks including identify theft, malware or viruses, phishing schemes, and data breaches to name a few.

Obviously, all of these risks can have quite serious effects. Especially when it comes to your personal information and money. However, you can rest easy knowing that online brokers go to many lengths to protect both their websites as well as their clients.

Common broker security measures will include the following:

  • SSL encryption
  • secure servers
  • two-step authentication process when logging in
  • automatic logout
  • regular system monitoring.

Of course, it’s not just up to the online broker. You need to be cautious as well. If you are investing online (or sharing any personal information online, really), you should take the following steps to better protect yourself online.

  • Install anti-virus and anti-spyware programs on your computer
  • Use strong passwords that are hard to guess
  • Take advantage of two-factor authentication when offered
  • Always be mindful of who is around when you are entering your account information. As much as possible, this should be done when you are alone at home. If you need to step away from the computer, make sure to log out first.

At the end of the day, yes, investing online does have risks, it’s not typically seen as a risky activity. As mentioned above, there are plenty of security measures in place and procedures you should be following as well. It’s really just about being smart and cautious with your personal information.

Top Discount Brokerage Promo Offer Code for 2020

With discount brokerage fees getting slashed to the bone in the competition between Questrade and Wealthsimple Trade, the discount broker promo offer code 2020 battle is almost irrelevant to ETF index investors.  That said, it never hurts to have $50 in free ETF trades available, or $50 in free trades available if you are pursuing a dividend investing strategy, and/or using a Smith Maneuver.  Simply click below to check make use of our best Canadian discount brokerage offer code.

Questrade promo (no code needed):

Comparing Canadian Stock Broker Fees

Everyone is looking for low investing fees in Canada, and there’s no doubt that online discount brokerages offer the best rates relative to mutual funds and even robo advisors. But, just how much better off are you with a discount broker? Let’s take a look.

Fees to Trade ETFs: When it comes to ETFs we need to remember that even though a few of the online brokerages mentioned in this article offer free ETFs to buy, you do need to pay a fee to sell. Here’s a breakdown of ETF fees among our selected discount brokerages.

  • Questrade: $0 to buy, $4.95-$9.95 to sell
  • Qtrade Investor: $0- $8.95 to buy and $8.95 to sell
  • BMO InvestorLine: $9.95 to buy and sell
  • Wealthsimple Trade: $0 to buy and $0 to sell (select ETFs)

Wealthsimple is the winner here when it comes to fees to trade ETFs; however, keep in mind that their ETF selection is also quite limited right now. 

ECN Fees Another fee that you will want to keep in mind are ECN fees. So, what exactly is an ECN fee? ECN stands for Electronic Communication Network and these fees are essentially service charges that you will pay on your trades, although they can sometimes be avoided. Here’s what you can expect to pay in ECN fees with each respective online broker.  

  • Questrade: $0.0008- $0.004 per trade
  • Qtrade Investor: $0; Qtrade tries to avoid having you pay any ECN fees. However, they do indicate that if you have repeated high volume trades on the active side of the Canadian market you may be charged. In this case, they will try to contact you first to notify you of any ECN charges. 
  • BMO InvestorLine: $0
  • Wealthsimple Trade: $0

As you can see, our top pick, Questrade is one of the only online brokerage that regularly charges ECN fees. While these fees are annoying, when you consider that Questrade also has much lower trade fees than some of the other options, those pesky little ECN fees don’t seem so bad.  When you actually do the math on investing $1,000 or $5,000 at a time, you're looking at under a loonie in ECN fees.

Annual Fees What about annual fees? Here’s the breakdown. 

  • Questrade: None
  • Qtrade Investor: No official annual fee; however, you will be charged $100/year if your combined accounts go under $25,000
  • BMO InvestorLine: $100/year  for non-registered accounts of less than $15,000
  • Wealthsimple Trade: None

Questrade and Wealthsimple Trade come out on top when it comes to comparing annual fees. However, do keep in mind that Questrade does have a minimum requirement of $1000. 

Comparing Questrade Fees to BMO InvestorLine Fees Questrade is my overall winner for the best Canadian online discount brokerage for 2020, but, again, I do recognize that some people are hesitant about these new-comers in the financial sphere and prefer more tried and tested names. However, before you make up your mind that you want to stick with one of Canada’s biggest financial institutions rather than trying someone newer, let’s take a second to pit the two against each other. For trading fees, Questrade ranges from $4.95-9.95 with the added bonus of offering users to buy ETF for free.

BMO InvestorLine has a flat trading fee of $9.95 for everything. Perhaps the biggest difference though, in terms of fees and where you can save, is the annual fee. Questrade has a minimum initial funding requirement of $1,000, which is very reasonable, and charges $0 annual fees.   BMO on the other hand allows you start a registered account for free, but charges a $100 annual fee on every non-registered account under $15,000.  At the end of the day, being comfortable with your chosen online broker is important. But, if you are really looking to cut down on those fees, then it’s probably worth your time to try someone new and try Questrade. 

I think it’s also worth mentioning that Canada has some of the highest investment fees in the world. This 2017 global study compared the investment fees and expenses in 25 different countries around the world. So, where did Canada fall on the scale? At the bottom. We paid the highest investment fees out of all the other developed countries on this list.  When you read or hear stats like that, it’s really no wonder that more and more Canadians are becoming interested in taking the proverbial bull by the horns and getting into trading themselves rather than paying others to do it for them. After all, the end goal is to make money, not flush it away on unnecessary expenses.  

Ultimate Summary of Canadian Discount Brokerages Fees and DRIP Options

In addition to trading fees, keep an eye on annual maintenance fees if you are below the minimum balance, and especially foreign exchange fees.  Most discount brokers will hide the fee in the exchanged amount.  Some investors also like the simplicity of a Dividend Reinvestment Plan (DRIP), and while it shouldn't be a primary comparison point, we'll including that in the feature table below as well (last update January 4, 2019):

Broker Fees Free ETFs? Drip
Questrade (Rated #1) $4.95 for up to 495 shares ($9.95 max) $9.95 per mutual fund trade ETFs are free to buy, reg commission to sell Yes (for buying) $0 for balance above $5k $19.95/ quarter if balance < $5k
QTrade $8.75/ trade or $6.95/ trade if assets > $500k Yes (select group) $100/ yr admin fee if under $25k balance $60/ yr for USD RRSP
Scotia i-Trade (formally e-trade) $24.99 or $9.99 /trade with $50k in assets or 30+ trades /quarter, $4.99/trade with 150+ trades /quarter Yes (select group) Yes
IB Min $1 /USD trade. Max 0.5% of trade value ($0.005/ share) No $10 USD $50/year annual RRSP fee Min $10k to open an account
BMO InvestorLine $9.95/ trade no minimum balance No $100/ yr if balance < $25k
RBC Direct Investing $9.95/ trade no minimum balance $6.95/ trade if 150+ trades / quarter No $25 / quarter if balance < $25k
Credential Direct $8.88 / trade No None
TD Direct Investing $9.99/ trade no minimum balance $7/ trade if 150+ trades / quarter No $100 / yr if balance < $25k
Virtual Brokers  $0.01/share with cap of $9.99  + ECN fees Yes (for buying) $50/ yr if balance < $15k, $50/ yr for USD RRSP

UPDATE: Due to popular demand, below is the foreign exchange fee/spread charged by each of the brokerages to convert your CAD->foreign currency.
Brokerage Forex Fee/Spread (each way)
E-Trade 1.5% (not confirmed)
IB 0.01% + 2.50USD
Questrade 1.99%
BMO 0.90%
TDW 1.40%
BNS ~1%
RY ~1%
QTrade 1.75% for < $10k, 1.60% for > $10k but < $25k
Virtual Brokers 0.75%

The Best Discount Brokerage for ETFs in Canada

Before I share my thoughts on the best discount brokerage for ETFs in Canada, let’s dig a little into ETFs, what they are, and how they work. ETF stands for Exchange Traded Fund and an ETF is a collection of stocks or bonds that can be purchased at one price. ETFs can be both actively or passively managed, however, they are most commonly used for passive investing as most are not managed by humans (whereas mutual funds are) and are programmed by an algorithm.  Due to the fact that they can be passively managed and require much less monitoring and work than mutual funds, ETFs are one of the most popular investment options among Canadians. 

For a detailed look at the fees and services involved with picking your own ETFs vs going with an all-in-one ETF vs robo advisors vs mutual funds, check out our Best Canadian All-in-One ETFs article. So, what’s the best discount brokerage for ETFs in Canada?  Well, I’d have to go with Questrade As you’ll remember from above, Questrade allows you to buy ETFs for free, though you will pay a fee to sell them. Now, you might be remembering that Qtrade also allows you to buy for free; however, Qtrade only offers a selection of ETFs free to purchase, not all. The rest come at a fee which, in my books, put Questrade at the top. Of course, you could argue that Wealthsimple Trade allows investors to both buy AND sell their ETFs for free, whereas Questrade only lets you buy for free. Again though, Wealthsimple Trade falls short when it comes to selection and the overall platform.

Wealthsimple Trade only offers 3 types of accounts (basic RRSP, TFSA, and non-registered accounts) versus Questrade who offers, well, pretty much any account option you could want. I will say though, while I choose Questrade over Wealthsimple for DIY brokerage, I do prefer Wealthsimple’ robo advisor. You can read more on my comparison between these two in this Wealthsimple Vs Questrade article. For these reasons, I’d say that Questrade takes the top spot for the best discount brokerage for ETFs in Canada. 

The Best Discount Brokerage Mobile App in Canada

Since discount brokerages are online, it’s important to have a portal that is easy to use, read, and understand. Most (but not all) discount brokerages can be accessed online from your laptop or desktop as well as from an app on your phone. What you prefer to use is a personal choice, but apps help keep everything close and handy. After all, does anyone ever leave home without their phone anymore? So, what’s the best Canadian online brokerage app? Again, based on my experience, I say Questrade because it really lets you stay on top of everything all on one platform. This wasn’t always the case, but with Questrade’s latest updates, they are on par with anything the big banks have going. To start with, I like the look of the app. It’s pretty clean-cut and clear to read and understand. It lets me trade in real time and manage all my Questrade accounts.

The Questrade app also has some great features. These include:

  • Symbol Lookup: which allows you to look up the symbol you are interested in. From this feature, you can access news and history to help you make a more informed decision. 
  • Alerts: You can customize your alert settings to get instant alerts on the items you put on your watchlist.
  • Charting: Take a look at a range of charts that show patterns and volatility to help you better build your trading strategy.  There are also some handy research tools available on the app as well. These include built-in research from industry leaders including Morningstar and Recognia. You can also get access to real time data and, as mentioned above, create your own personalized watchlists. Right now, the Questrade app can be used on iOS devices (iOS 8 or higher) or Android devices (Android 5.0 or higher). 

The Best Canadian Discount Brokerage for Customer Service

Quality customer service is essential for every business, and while each of the options in the Canada discount brokerage review has a customer service option, when it comes to the best discount brokerage for customer service it’s pretty neck in neck right now between Qtrade and Questrade. Everything you read about Qtrade mentions their customer service. First of all, they make it really easy to get a hold of their customer support team. You can reach them by phone or email, or even have them call you with the call-back option.

They also have a walk-in office located in Vancouver, BC. Sure, that doesn't help everyone but the fact that they actually do have an in-person office that you can visit makes them pretty unique in the world of online financial businesses.  However, there have been a few recent changes to the Qtrade customer service within the past 2-3 years.

They used to have an online chat option which customers loved but that disappeared in recent years. There have also been recent comments in online threads about exceptionally long wait times recently which customers who have been around for a while are finding incredibly frustrating.  Questrade, on the other hand, has really upped their game in the past couple of years. There is a toll-free number you can use to give them a call and, unlike Qtrade, Questrade does have an online chat option to help you get the answers you need right away. 

There has been plenty of positive feedback for both of these online brokers and their customer service. Additionally, both options seem to have a number of loyal users which also speaks to customer care. Qtrade has definitely been the long-time leader for this category, however, their recent decline in services has left room for Questrade to push forward and, perhaps, even ahead. 

How to Use an Online Broker for Beginners

Interested in trying your hand at online brokerages? Here’s how to get started.

First of all, you’ll need to figure out your purpose for trading and how aggressive or active you want to be. Do you want to be trading daily? Or are you more interested in the couch potato style of approach? There’s no right or wrong answer, online brokerages work equally well for both strategies. You just need to know what you want to do and have a plan in place that you will keep up with.

Once you are confident in your knowledge of the stock market and know what type of approach you want to take in your investing, you need to choose your online brokerage platform. I’ve shared what I consider to be the best options in this Canada discount brokerage review, but the final choice is up to you.  For those who want to practice before getting started with real money, Questrade has a free practice trading account that you can demo for up to 90 days.

Not only is perfect for trying your hand at trading to see if you enjoy it, but it also allows you to test-drive the Questrade platform and see if it is a good fit for your needs as well. Once you’ve chosen your preferred online broker, filled out the required paperwork, and transferred the funds you’ll follow these steps to start buying: 

  • Log in to your chosen platform
  • Figure out which stocks you want to buy. You can use the ticker symbols to look them up. 
  • Decide how many shares/units you wish to buy. Note, before you purchase, you’ll need to do a bit of math here; cost of share/unit x amount you want to buy.
  • You will then need to enter the details of the trade. This includes the order type you want to use as well as the duration; how long you want the order to be active for. 
  • The discount brokerage will then confirm with you that you want to purchase “x” units or shares of an ETF or stock, at a price of “x” dollars, for a total cost to you of “x”.
  • Click “buy”

And that’s it! Congratulations, you just bought your first stock. 

Using USD In Your Discount Brokerage TFSA and RRSP

For folks who have large portfolios and really want to cut fees to the bone, using a specific discount brokerage to hold USD-priced investments can be a real differentiator.

The main advantage to holding USD-denominated stocks in your in RRSP, TFSA, or non-registered accounts is that you aren’t charged with a Foreign Exchange (aka Forex, FX) Fee.  Basically, if you’re just using a vanilla RRSP account, and you wire your Canadian Dollars over for your monthly or quarterly investment in USD stocks, then you are paying somewhere between 1.5% and 2% in foreign exchange fees.  That’s a pretty substantial amount!  If you’re an active trader that is automatically converting currency often, it’s going to drastically eat away at your returns.

Now, as with all things investing, it’s worth pointing out that this is “cherry on top” stuff and NOT something that you should allow to hold you back from getting started.  If you simply want to purchase an excellent all in one ETF each month - that holds USA stocks (and many others) and is conveniently available in Canadian Dollars - then you should do that and not worry about any of this forex stuff.

If on the other hand you really want to pay attention to dividend withholding taxes (thoroughly explained in our RRSP/TFSA Withdrawal article) and have your USA-indexes separated from the rest of your ETF portfolio, then having a USD-based account in order to purchase USA-based ETFs such as VTI makes sense.

Similarly, if you plan on purchasing US-based dividend stocks, it makes sense to take your Canadian money and convert it to USD by using Norbert’s Gambit, and then keeping it in USD as you buy and sell.  Obviously if you’re fortunate enough to earn USD, then you can simply transfer it to your USD trading account without converting it back and forth to CAD.

While RBC and Questrade were the first two discount brokerages to offer USD-based registered accounts, it’s now fairly standard across the country, with most of the major discount brokerages offering the option in some form or fashion.  Both of these first-movers now offer USD TFSAs and RRSPs for no extra cost.  Other online brokers have now begun to offer these unique accounts as well, but some do charge you for the privilege.  The notable exception to this generalization is Wealthsimple Trade - which currently does not offer USD RRSPs or USD TFSAs.

The bottom line for the vast majority of investors in Canada is that they simply do not need to worry about USD RRSPs or USD TFSAs.  Simply getting exposure to American companies through Canadian Dollar index funds that are listed on the Toronto Stock Exchange is an excellent option.  This is especially true if your portfolio is less than $500,000.  For the few active traders of US stocks or folks that really want to shave those few points of withholding tax off of their USA-ETFs, then make sure to check that you’re not getting charged for a feature that RBC and Questrade offer for free. 

Comparison Summary of Canada’s Best Online Brokers

If you know DIY investing is for you (and that's a big if) and you are looking to minimize your trading fees, as well as your annual fees, while wanting to remain your money to be kept safe by a reputable, Canadian, financial establishment, then in our opinion it boils down to the 4 best stock brokers in Canada for 2020. Our absolute #1 choice for the majority of Canadians is Questrade but using either of the 4 makes sense (depending on the usage). 

Questrade Qtrade  BMO InvestorLine Wealthsimple Trade
Fees to Trade ETFs $0 to buy, $4.95-$9.95 to sell $0- $8.95 to buy and $8.95 to sell $9.95 to buy and sell $0 to buy and $0 to sell (select ETFs)
ECN Fees $0.0008- $0.004 per trade $0 $0 $0
Annual Fees None No official annual fee, however, you will be charged $100/year if your combined accounts go under $25,000 $100/year  for accounts less than $25,000 None
Strong points Smoothest online platform and app, no ETF fees, and $50 sign up promo Easy to reach, professional customer service Award winning platform, impressive 3rd party research, bank security No ETF nor stock fees (but 1.5% base conversion fee for US trades) and very limited platform

Please post any questions on Canada's online discount brokerages below as we'll updating this article throughout 2020 and beyond.  We're also interested in hearing about your personal online broker experiences so that MDJ readers can get as must firsthand information as possible before they chose their Canadian discount brokerage.
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I just recently signed up to ShareOwner Investments. They have some drawbacks, but at 9 bucks a trade for co-op trading, the ability to do scheduled automated trading and a select list of companies and ETFs it’s great for the beginner like me who wan’t to try my hand but doesn’t know a thing about what I’m doing.

The E*Trade high-interest (4.15%) account is not available within your RRSP account, only outside the RRSP.

Thanks for thus FrugalT, I was just about to open up an E-Trade account, but now I think I will reconsider and open up one at IB. I will be starting with a small investment, so $19.99/trade wouldn’t work for me.


I don’t see anything on their page or in my account details mentioning RRSP accounts. I assume that they don’t offer them. Co-Op trading saves cash by bundling trades with other people making it so you can buy any dollar amount of a stock or ETF. They kind of collect up a bunch of orders and then buy them all at once on your behalf. I’ve only recently signed up so that I can get my automated ETF investing under way so I can’t really comment on the service so far but you can read more on their page at:

It’s kind of neat, they charge $9.00 per trade for each security you buy, up to 4 times. Then for that security it’s free. A nice easy way to put some investments on auto-pilot.

Actually… they do RSP accounts I think. They have an RSP administration fee and a Non-RSP to RSP transfer fee in their fee schedule, it’s just not displayed prominently on their page. Not too sure how to set it up.

ETrade offers DRIP as well .. I’ve been using it for a while and it works like a charm :-)

they don’t support native DRIPs offered by companies, meaning you can’t get the bonus that sometimes comes with “native drips”, but they do offer their own Dividend Reinvestment Plan on a lot of securities …

the real time quotes work great, you just need to accept an agreement first .. I don’t remember seeing real time charts (maybe they don’t offer it!?)

That is a very interesting review indeed. Do you give me permission to reproduce this table on my website? (Of course with proper attribution)

[…] Another comparative review […]

[…] February FrugalTrader07:28 amAdd comment Hopefully, most of you know what an RRSP is. For those who don’t, RRSP stands for Registered Retirement Savings Plan and it’s one of the only tax (and largest) deduction/deferral tools that employed Canadians have. The RRSP account can be opened at any of the big banks along with some online brokerages, and allows your investment growth to compound TAX FREE. On top of that, all contributions for last year, up to March 1 of this year can be deducted from your income. This will equate to a tax return of the sum of your contributions x your marginal tax rate. […]

I think every one concern the investment safety. What are IB and Questrade’s backgrounds? Are they safe to your investments? That’s my one of the big concerns. Because all of us know these big banks well. But we dont’ for IB and Questrade.


Great articles – been reading some of the stuff throughout the web, but great to see someone compile everything about Canadian Finance into one site.

I wanted to ask about the ease of transferring your hard-earned cash into these discount brokerages. It’s the one reason why I am using the Credential Direct brokerage – they just decreased their fees to $19 per trade, and I don’t make many trades per month.

For those thinking about implementing the Smith Maneuver, you would not want to sign up for the DRIPs under the non-reg plans because you would want to use those dividends to pay down the mortgage, re-borrow, and then re-invest.

FrugalTrader: About safety. It is true that IB and Questrade are insured by CIPF but what it does not tell you is… you are not covered if IB or Questrade is stealing your money (fraud). Think about the Norbourg scandal. CIPF provides coverage for members in the event of insolvency.

I read somewhere that Etrade also has an inactivity charge of $20 a quarter if you don’t do any trading.

just an fyi :)

Actually just read the fine print and it turns out the low activity fee only applies for accounts with less than $5000 in it. Not too hard to reach that in an account :)

I know Questrade has been in Canada for a few years now. My question is with other discount brokerages, are you suppose to provide them with your SIN number and your driver’s license info? I’m concerned with identity theft, should that be a valid concern? Any input would be much appreciated, thanks.

I believe they would need your SIN card to report any income you receive from your investments. When they send you your T-slips, it has to show your SIN number to be valid for tax purposes.

Perhaps I was a little paranoid. Thanks FrugalTrader and Nick for your input!

[…] As a side note, I’ve updated my review of discount brokerages in Canada to reflect this update. […]

Credential Direct, owned by the credit unions is the cheapest. Flat commisions, and free level II quotes. I have used them for 6 months and am very happy with the service.

A very good basic table. Here are a few further comparisons I’d find useful.
– forex rates into and out of the USD for an RRSP; if I sell then buy US holdings in my RRSP, BMO Investorline obliges me to convert back and forth into CDN$; what is the spread between USD-CDN buy and sell for different brokers?
– forex again: do any brokerages offer USD accounts within an RRSP? is this really against CRA rules?
– international diversification: do any offer reasonable cost trading in foreign markets? e.g. in the UK BMO will do it but at very high cost like min $170 per trade. there are discount brokerages operating in the UK.
– RESP accounts available?
– account performance and analysis tools: can one have overall registered plus non-registered summaries of returns, assets etc for people like me who who have non-reg, RRSP, LIRA? I manage my accounts as if they are one big one and must do all my own spreadsheets to do rebalancing etc.
– trust and estate tax summaries: do any provide proper tax summary forms for anything other than year-end Dec.31 for those accounts whose financial year-end is other than Dec.31?

Another useful piece of info is the fee charged to transfer an account out to another brokerage. These fees can be fairly punitive as the brokerages want you to think twice before leaving. Conversely, will the destination institution reimburse transfer out fees to get the new account and how much will they reimburse?

Thanks for the comparison – I’ve always wanted to invest in stocks but was put off by the brokerage fees at CIBC. I will look into IB and Questrade

if you want to read about my latest problems with Etrade, go here:

I used to like them!

I am a representative from Questrade. I just wanted to correct a few points on the Canadian Discount Brokerages table.

With Questrade clients can trade Mutual Funds by calling our trading desk.

The minimum to open any account is lowered to $1000. We have yet to update the website. It will be done shortly….promise.

Apart from these….thank you for the review.

Emil Vojkollari
Senior Sales Representative
Questrade Inc.
416-227-9876 x 380
1-888-783-7866 x 380


Thank you for updating the website so quickly.

I’m sorry I’m not able to give you an exact answer to your question.

The new WebTrader Platform is expected to be available in the next month or 2 if everything goes well. I have not seen the platform but I’ve heard it will have level 2 quotes. I have not heard anything regarding free real time charts.


Emil Vojkollari
Senior Sales Representative
Questrade Inc.
416-227-9876 x 380
1-888-783-7866 x 380

i am new to investing..wanting to open a brokerage account..i was looking at Canadian share owner, E*Trade canada etc…because of lower fees..
while browsing through the website… says we would be better of sticking with bank brokerages(even if expensive)because it’s much safer…

i would appreciate your valuable comments..


I would like to let you know that Questrade is a member of the IDA and every account is protected by the CIPF for $1 Million / account with additional coverage of an extra $10 Million.

When it comes to safety….Questrade is as safe as it gets.

When it comes to fees…..Questrade is as cheap as it gets.

Please let me know if you have any questions.


Emil Vojkollari
Senior Sales Representative
Questrade Inc.
416-227-9876 x 380
1-888-783-7866 x 380

Hey Sam,
Instead of comparing fees alone, why not compare the services. Questrade, I believe, is geared toward a more active investor. If you are someone who actively is managing your portfolio, have a few different trades every month or so and likes to shift money around I think this is the way to go.
On the other hand if you are more of a ‘set it and forget it’ and want to pick companies that you can do monthly deposits to for dollar cost averaging and want to check it every 6 months to a year or so just to re-balance I think ShareOwner is for you.

I opened an account with ShareOwner a while back. I haven’t made any trades yet because my significant other for some reason got an itch to buy a house so I’ve been a little busy lately. Once we get settled in I’m planning on getting a monthly ETF deposit in just to sit back and let things ride. At 36 bucks for a 5 ETF portfolio, I think I’m in it for the long haul.

THANKS to Emil,Frugal & Traciatim for your kind
i have read that these brokerages are insured upto 1 current portfolio is only around $5,000…is there any way i could lose money in these brokerages,some acts on their part not covered under the legal fine print…

you might consider me paranoid..i am just hyper sensitive since i work for minimum wages…

and hi traciatim in shareowner..
if you were to invest $1,000 every month in 5 etf
$200 dollars on each ETf you pay commision of $36 every month..

if instead you invest in only the 1st ETF..all the $1,000 for the month…you pay only $9 commission..

in the 2 nd month invest all the $1,000 in 2nd only $9 commsision…

if you keep repeating the cycle every 5 commsions would be only 25% of what you propose to pay..for people looking for real term..i believe there might not be much difference investing $200 every month in an ETF..
or investing $1,000 once very 5 months…

would my assumption be valid…thanks

thanks again for your prompt reply…
i am now using TD E-funds for indicies..MER is tolerable..but i now wnat to invest in Canadian dividend companies…TD does not have a elctronic(E) fund for dividens..just a regular fund..MER is very prohibitive…


Thank you everyone for your responses.

I know my opinion is bias but I will lay all the cards in the table and let you decide which is the best way to start investing.

I noticed several different topics and I’ll try to tackle all of them at once.

Questrade does not have any monthly fees, inactivity fees or platform fees if you go for the WebTrader basic platform. That will offer you direct access trading without forcing you to make a minimum number of trades.

We offer 2 commission plans. 1 cent/share with $4.95 minimum and $9.95 flat fee. These fees apply to stocks and ETF’s.

When it comes to Mutual Funds, Questrade may not have the best commissions, but one way to get around paying the MER is to buy the biggest holdings of the Mutual Fund.

If you are an investor you benefit from trading with Questrade.

If you are a trader, I challenge anyone to find a better platform than Cyber Trader.

You can download a demo if you go to and click on “Platforms”.

Emil Vojkollari
Client Acquisitions Supervisor
Questrade Inc.
416-227-9876 x 380
1-888-783-7866 x 380

If you want to pick your own companies I would suggest going with a discount brokerage rather than going with ShareOwner investments. You have to keep in mind that ShareOwner will only allow the purchase of their pre-selected list of securities.

As for the fees, I was under the impression that you could set up a monthly purchase plan through ShareOwner and pay $9 each purchase for the first 4 purchases, then any subsequent purchases of that security are at no cost to you. So in your example of the single security for $1K/month you would be investing 991, 991, 991, 991, 1000, 1000 . . . and on an on.

As far as I was aware the $36.00 charge is if you set up a monthly purchase plan on multiple securities that it was a one time fee. It’s not very clear on their web site if it’s one time or not though.

Keep in mind with ShareOwner your purchase and sales are bundled with other people, so they don’t happen directly when you want them to sometimes. Like I said, it’s for more of the ‘set it and forget it’ people. It looks to me like you already have your indexing up and running for the ‘set and forget’ portion of your portfolio and are looking for more control. If this is the case, go with a discount broker like Questrade, E*Trade or something similar.

I forgot to mention that Questrade has a free Dividend Reinvestment Plan.


Emil Vojkollari
Client Acquisitions Supervisor
Questrade Inc.
416-227-9876 x 380
1-888-783-7866 x 380